Sunday, September 30, 2007
Monday, September 24, 2007
Saturday, September 22, 2007
This article has been translated into French by Geoffrey Bachelet. You can read the French version here: L'dition efficace avec vim.
"To me, vi is Zen.
To use vi is to practice zen.
Every command is a koan.
Profound to the user,
unintelligible to the uninitiated.
You discover truth every time you use it."
This tutorial assumes a basic knowledge of vim -- insert mode, command mode, loading and saving files, etc. It is intended to help vi novices develop their skills so that they can use vi efficiently.
In this tutorial, <C-X> means Ctrl-X -- that is, hold down the Ctrl key and codess X. You can get help on most of the commands used here by typing :help command in vim, where command is what you need help on.
Stay out of insert mode
In general, you want to spend as little of your time in vim's insert mode as possible, because in that mode it acts like a dumb editor. This is why most vim novices spend so much time in insert mode -- it makes vim easy to use. But vim's real power lies in command mode! You'll find that the better you know vim, the less time you will spend in insert mode.
Use h, j, k, and l
The first step to efficient editing in vim is to wean yourself from the arrow keys. One of the the advantages of vim's modal design is that you do not need to constantly move your hands back and forth between the arrow keys and the letter keys; when you are in command mode, the letters h, j, k and l correspond to the directions left, down, up, and right, respectively. It takes some practice to get used to, but you will notice the speed difference once you're used to it.
When you are editing e-mail or other paragraph-formatted text, you might notice that the direction keys skip more lines than you expect. This is because your paragraphs appear as one long line to vim. Type g before h, j, k or l to move by screen lines instead of virtual lines.
Use motions to move the cursor in the current line
Most editors have only simple commands for moving the cursor (left, up, right, down, to beginning/end of line, etc). vim has very advanced commands for moving the cursor; these commands are referred to as motions. When the cursor moves from one point in the text to another, the text between the points (and including the points themselves) is considered to be "moved over." (This will be important later.)
!! RXVT-unicode setting
URxvt.font:xft:Bitstream Vera Sans Mono:pixelsize=15, \
xft:AR PL New Sung Mono:antialias=false
urxvtd -q -f -o
Saturday, September 8, 2007
Wednesday, September 5, 2007
/usr/lib/vmware/bin/vmware: /usr/lib/vmware/lib/libpng12.so.0/libpng12.so.0: no version information available (required by /usr/lib/libcairo.so.2)
$ cd /usr/lib/vmware/lib/
$ sudo mv libpng12.so.0/libpng12.so.0 libpng12.so.0/libpng12.so.0.disabled
$ sudo ln -sf /usr/lib/libpng12.so.0 libpng12.so.0/libpng12.so.0
然后修改 /usr/bin/vmplayer 这个脚本，在第一行后面加上